A Casino is a house where gambling activities are associated. The industry which deals in casinos is called the gambling industry. Casinos are mostly built near or combined with hotels, restaurants, retail shopping, cruise ships or other tourist attractions. It is a debatable topic that the social and economic consequences of casino gambling outweigh the initial revenue or not. Many countries like the United States that has high unemployment and budget deficits have legalized casinos. Some casinos also have live entertainment facilities such as standup comedy, concerts, and sporting events.
Casino is an Italian origin originally meant a small country villa, summerhouse or social club. Later the term casino also included other public buildings where pleasurable activities took place that were used to host civic town functions like dancing, gambling, music listening and sports. But not all casinos were used for gaming like Copenhagen casino, it is a theatre for mass public meeting during 1948 revolution in Denmark.
Casino was very famous with ancient Greeks and Romans to napoleon’s France and Elizabeth England. The first known European gambling house established in Venice, Italy in 1638 by the great council of Venice. It was closed in 1770. In America early gambling establishments were known as saloons. Saloons were influenced by four major cities such as new Orleans, St. Louis, Chicago and san Francisco.
There is minimum age for gambling. It starts from 16 to 21 years that varies from country to country. Most games played have an overall advantage over the players which is called house edge. Games like poker where players play against each other then the house takes a commission called rake and payout is given. Payout is a percentage value returned to players. One of the popular forms of gambling in casinos is video lottery machines.
Casino design is a process involves floor plan, decor and atmospherics to encourage consumer gambling. There are certain factors that influence gambling tendencies. Some of them are sound, odour and lightening. Casino designer roger Thomas made a design for Las Vegas Wyun resorts casino in 2008 that introduced natural sunlight and flora to appeal to a female demographic. He also inserted skylights and antique clocks defying notion that casino should be a timeless space.
Some important sites are known for gambling centers such as: Monte Carlo, Monaco, the venetian Macau which is currently the largest casino in the world that surpassed Las Vegas, Singapore, United states–it has the largest number of casinos in the world. Top American casinos are: Las Vegas strip, Atlantic city, Chicago region, Detroit, St.Louis, Tunica resorts in Mississippi, Biloxi, Shreveport, Boulder Strip, Nevada, New Orleans, Downtown Las Vegas.
There is also a drawback in casino business. Both patrons and staff may tempt to cheat and steal the large amount of money handled within a casino. So security cameras located throughout the casinos there is also physical security force and a specialized surveillance department. The physical security force patrols the casino responds to call for assistance and report criminal activities whether suspicious or definite. A specialized surveillance department operates the closed circuit television system of casino
Casinos have developed many marketing techniques for attracting and maintaining loyal patrons. Many casinos keep a track of players spending habits and target their patrons more effectively. Economic studies show a positive relationship between casinos and crime. According to some police reports, the reported crime incidences often double and triple in communities within three years of casino opening.